Data centers projected to strain electric grid

Data center electricity consumption is expected to triple in just eight years, according to a recent report from the Boston Consulting Group. They project the tripling to occur in both the amount of electricity consumed (~130 TWh in 2022 to ~390 TWh in 2030) and its share of total U.S. electricity consumption (2.5% in 2022 to 7.5% in 2030). Of that ~260 TWh increase, BCG attributes ~70TWh to the electricity demands for generative AI. The impact of this demand is being felt in some regions of the U.S. For example, “Data centers in central Ohio are gobbling up vast amounts of electricity so fast that American Electric Power expects demand for power to double between 2018 and 2028,” according to a recent Columbus Dispatch article (subscription).

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